We live in a place where everything is digital. In this digital world, web applications are crucial in various industries like e-commerce and healthcare.

One of the most essential parts of web development is its ability to store users’ data effectively. To use this method, developers often use a combination of HTML forms and a MySQL database, and they can be connected easily by PHP.

In this guide, you will learn how to connect HTML form to a MySQL database using PHP and each step of the process.

To learn more about How to connect HTML form to MYSQL database using PHP, check:

How to Connect HTML Form to MySQL Database Using PHP

Before going towards the practical aspects of connecting HTML form to a MySQL database using PHP, you need to understand the key components involved in this process:

HTML Forms

HTML forms are essential for collecting user input on web pages. These forms provide a simple interface for users to submit data, such as text, numbers, and files.

HTML Forms

Visit: HTML Forms

MySQL Database

This database is often called an open-source relational database management system. It is used for managing and storing structured data.

MySQL Database


PHP is used for web development as it is a scripting language. It can be mixed with HTML codes and is well-suited for connecting web forms to databases.

MySQL Database

Setting Up Your Environment

To begin, you’ll need to have the following components:

  • A web server (e.g., Apache, Nginx) is installed and running on your system.
  • MySQL database server installed and accessible.
  • A code editor for writing PHP and HTML code (e.g., Visual Studio Code, Sublime Text).

Once you are familiar with these settings, you can start with the following steps.

Creating the HTML Form

The very first step is to create the HTML form itself to connect the HTML form to the MySQL database using PHP. Given below is a simple example form for demonstration. If you want, you can make changes as you wish.


<div><!DOCTYPE html></div>
<div>    <title>Sample Form</title></div>
<div><h1>Sample Form</h1></div>
<div><form action="process.php" method="post"></div>
<div>    <label for="name">Name:</label></div>
<div>    <input type="text" name="name" id="name" required><br><br></div>
<div>    <label for="email">Email:</label></div>
<div>    <input type="email" name="email" id="email" required><br><br></div>
<div>    <input type="submit" value="Submit"></div>

In the above code, you can see a basic HTML form with fields for name and email. The form’s action attribute specifies the PHP script to process data.

Writing the PHP Script

After that, you have to create a PHP script. The PHP script will handle the form submission and connect to the MySQL database. The script will take the submitted data through the form and insert it into the database.


<div>// 1. how to connect html form to mysql database using PHP</div>
<div>// Database configuration (replace with your own)</div>
<div>$servername = "localhost";</div>
<div>$username = "your_username";</div>
<div>$password = "your_password";</div>
<div>$database = "your_database";</div>
<div>// Create a connection to the database</div>
<div>$conn = new mysqli($servername, $username, $password, $database);</div>
<div>// Check connection</div>
<div>if ($conn->connect_error) {</div>
<div>    die("Connection failed: " . $conn->connect_error);</div>
<div>// Process form data</div>
<div>if ($_SERVER["REQUEST_METHOD"] == "POST") {</div>
<div>$name = $_POST["name"];</div>
<div>$email = $_POST["email"];</div>
<div>// SQL query to insert data into the database</div>
<div>$sql = "INSERT INTO users (name, email) VALUES ('$name', '$email')";</div>
<div>if ($conn->query($sql) === TRUE) {</div>
<div>    echo "Data inserted successfully!";</div>
<div>} else {</div>
<div>    echo "Error: " . $sql . "<br>" . $conn->error;</div>
<div>// Close the database connection</div>

In this PHP script, we:

  • Established a connection to the MySQL database using the provided information.
  • Retrieved the data submitted through the HTML form using the $_POST super global.
  • Executed a query related to SQL to insert the given data into the database.
  • Handled any errors that may occur during the database operation.
  • Finally, close the database connection.

Database Connectivity in HTML

By adequately doing the HTML form and PHP script, we have successfully solved the problem of connecting the HTML form to the MySQL database using PHP.

How to Connect HTML to Database with MySQL

Before fully testing your form, create the corresponding MySQL database and table. Here is an example of an SQL statement to create a simple ‘users’ table:







Once you have created the table, you can submit data through the HTML form. You can insert it into the ‘users’ table in the MySQL database.

Additional Considerations

Before using your web application, you must consider some essential security and validation aspects to protect against potential vulnerabilities. Here are some best practices:

Data Validation

Do client-side and server-side validation to ensure the data submitted through the form is safe and valid to process.


It is recommended to use prepared statements or parameterized queries to avoid SQL injection attacks while working with the database.


It is crucial to incorporate user authentication and authorization to regulate entry to the database and confirm that only permitted users can submit data.

Error Handling

Ensure strong error-handling mechanisms are in place to give users informative error messages and enable thorough error logging for debugging purposes.

See Also: How To Convert IPYNB To HTML


How to send HTML form data to a SQL database using PHP?

Using PHP to transfer HTML form data to an SQL database requires utilizing PHP's MySQL (MySQL Improved) extension. You have to use an extension named MySQL Improved to send HTML forms to an SQL database using PHP.

How to connect MySQL Server database using PHP?

You can connect your MySQL server Database using the PHP’s mysqli_connect () function. This function takes four arguments, i.e., our ‘server name’, ‘username’, ‘password’, and ‘database’.

Do you connect PHP and SQL databases using a PHP template?

Yes, you can connect PHP and SQL databases with the help of PHP templates.


You have just learned to connect the HTML form to the MySQL database using PHP. Also, the key steps and components involved in the process are explained. Following those steps, you can create web applications that collect and store data in a database. However, it is also essential to consider the safety and validation of the data.

The possibilities are endless. You can build robust web applications that meet various business needs with enough practice.

Leave a Reply